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        歡迎訪問華夏歷史網

        華夏歷史網_中國歷史故事_中國歷史朝代順序表_揭秘隱藏的歷史真相

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        俄羅斯是金磚國家的原因是什么

        時間:2018-05-18 15:18來源:華夏歷史網 點擊:

        金磚國家簡介

        2001年,美國高盛公司首席經濟師吉姆·奧尼爾首次提出“金磚四國”的概念,特指新興市場投資代表。“金磚四國”(BRIC)引用了俄羅斯(Russia)、中國(China)、巴西(Brazil)和印度(India)的英文首字母,由于該詞與英語單詞“磚”(Brick)類似,因此被稱為“金磚四國”。2008~2009年,相關國家舉行了系列會談,并建立了峰會機制,拓展為國際政治實體。2010年南非(South Africa)加入后,其英文單詞變為“BRICS”,并改稱為“金磚國家”。

        俄羅斯是金磚國家的原因是什么_俄羅斯為什么是金磚國家

        在“金磚五國”中,中國是“世界工廠”巴西是“世界原料基地”俄羅斯是“世界加油站”印度是“世界辦公室”南非是非洲經濟最發達的國家

        俄羅斯能成為金磚國家的原因

        俄羅斯是全球最大的能源出口國,不論中國還是印度的可持續發展,都有賴于俄羅斯的能源,僅憑這一點,俄羅斯就能在“金磚五國”中占有一席之地。

        俄羅斯一方面表現出對其他金磚國家的優越感,另一方面又以自己是金磚國家為榮。這與金磚國家的特殊性,以及俄羅斯對金磚國家的整體定位有關。

        總體而言,俄羅斯方面主流的認識是:金磚國家不是“南南合作”;金磚國家之間雖然存在著種種分歧,但依然有穩固的合作基礎。

        金磚國家的身份還給俄羅斯提出了另外一個定位問題:俄羅斯是發達國家還是新興市場國家?葉利欽把俄羅斯帶入了西方八國俱樂部,可以說是他與西方關系中的主要功績之一。俄羅斯也認為自己是“歐洲”、“發達”國家,特別是2007年以來直到金融危機之前,俄羅斯甚至提出了要成為世界金融中心的口號。

        俄羅斯是金磚國家的原因是什么_俄羅斯為什么是金磚國家

        即便是在金融危機中,俄羅斯雖然遭受重創,但是在一些俄羅斯著名的經濟專家和學者以及俄羅斯領導人看來,俄羅斯仍然是與其他金磚國家不同的“向國民負責的”,“西方式的福利、民主和發達國家”。

        俄羅斯是“多極世界”口號的主要推動者之一,它所構想的多極世界,是由主要大國主導的、其中有俄羅斯位置和發言權的世界秩序。但是顯然,與美國、歐盟相比,俄羅斯的實力遠遠落后,特別是美歐的戰略壓力和態勢,使得俄羅斯感到自己的聲音和利益并不被重視;同時,在歐亞大陸上,中國和印度的實力也超越了俄羅斯,對此俄羅斯也有所不安。因此,如何在實力有限的情況下成為有影響力的世界一極,從而有效地維護自身的利益,是俄羅斯面臨的棘手問題,更是對俄羅斯外交智慧的考驗。

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