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        歡迎訪問華夏歷史網

        華夏歷史網_中國歷史故事_中國歷史朝代順序表_揭秘隱藏的歷史真相

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        泰語是怎么來的

        時間:2018-05-23 09:31來源:華夏歷史網 點擊:

        據泰國出土的素可泰石碑記載,泰文是素可泰王朝蘭甘亨國王1283年在孟文和高棉文的基礎上創造的。目前所發現的最早的泰文文獻是13世紀的蘭甘亨碑文,現存于國立博物館。泰文字母以古代高棉字母為媒介,以印度字母為模式,又與這兩種語言有很大的區別。

        但是,人們考察了泰國鄰國的文字后卻發現,緬甸、柬埔寨和老撾的文字與泰文頗有相似之處。文字學家認為,這幾國的文字都源自南印度的格蘭他字母,隨佛教傳入東南亞。因此,可以斷定,蘭甘亨國王只是對文字進行了加工和修改,而不是像素可泰石碑記載的那樣是創造了泰文。

        泰語是怎么來的_泰語的歷史起源

        根據泰族人的分布地區和語言,又分為中部泰人、東北泰人、北部泰人和南部泰人。中部泰人是典型的泰人。中部泰人的社會、經濟和文化發展程度都較其他泰族人要高。中部泰語即曼谷話是全國通用的標準泰語。東北泰人又稱“東北人”。“東北人”的語言、文化和風俗習慣與老撾寮人相近,官方場合使用泰文,民間通用“東北話”寮語。柯叻市和坤敬市是東北泰人的政治、經濟中心。北部泰人又稱“泰阮”。13~18世紀之間曾建立過以清邁為中心的蘭那王國,中國元史稱“八百媳婦國”,故又有“蘭那人”之稱。

        北部泰人歷史上曾經使用與中國傣族相同的語言,現官方場合使用泰文,民間仍然使用蘭那方言,也叫“昆勐話”。清邁是北部泰人的政治、經濟和文化中心,因此北部泰人也稱“清邁人”,方言為“清邁話”。南部泰人主要指南部半島春蓬府以南的泰人,約占全國人口的9%。現代南部泰人是歷史上當地泰人和孟人、馬來人以及北部、東北部移民融合形成的。官方場合使用泰文,民間使用當地方言。

        泰語舊稱暹羅語,屬于漢藏語系壯侗語族壯傣語支,與中國的壯語和傣語屬相同語族。泰語在形成、發展的過程中受到一些外來語言的影響。對泰語有影響的語言主要有漢語、孟—高棉語、梵文、巴利語、馬來—爪哇語以及英語。泰語與漢語在詞匯、發音上都有相似之處。泰語和漢語有100多個詞匯相同。盡管泰語中的英語詞匯不多,但是通過電視、廣播和翻譯,對年青一代的影響越來越大。在今天的泰語中,外來詞匯幾乎要占30%。

        泰國的文字

        泰文是拼音文字,現代泰語有輔音音素32個,輔音字母42個,其中部分輔音來自梵文和巴利文;有元音音素38個,元音字母40個。泰語有五聲調,并有長短音和清濁音的變化。

        泰文沒有形態變化,即沒有性、數、格的變化,任何詞在句子中只要處于不同的位置,就可以變成名詞、動詞、形容詞或副詞,句子的基本詞序是主語—謂語—賓語。與漢語的習慣不同的是,泰文定語在中心詞后面,即修飾詞在被修飾詞的后面。泰文的書寫順序是從左向右,沒有標點符號。

         

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