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        華夏歷史網_中國歷史故事_中國歷史朝代順序表_揭秘隱藏的歷史真相

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        明太祖朱元璋真的很丑嗎

        時間:2018-06-25 16:25來源:華夏歷史網 點擊:

        朱元璋   明太祖   

        都說明太祖朱元璋的相貌異于常人,那他究竟長的什么樣,迄今最全的朱元璋畫像,既有宮廷的也有民間的,版本達16種之多。到底哪種版本才是朱元璋的真實面貌?這也是一個令人頗感興趣的歷史謎團。

        北京故宮博物院的南薰殿是清代專門收藏皇帝、皇后畫像的場所。據記載,該殿共收藏有中國歷朝歷代皇帝和皇后肖像75幅。在諸多皇帝畫像中,大多都是一人一幅,只有明太祖朱元璋例外,他的畫像達13幅。如今其中1幅珍藏在北京故宮博物院,另12幅畫像收藏在臺北故宮博物院。

        明太祖朱元璋真的很丑嗎_明太祖朱元璋真實容貌極丑

        朱元璋的相貌歷來頗受爭議,民間畫像與宮廷畫像可以顯示截然不同的兩種相貌。其宮廷標準畫像由宮中畫師所畫,相貌端正,慈眉善目,五官標準,與民間傳說中的“長臉長下頷、大耳高鼻、相貌丑陋”形成了鮮明的對比。

        民間有一個流傳極廣的朱元璋畫像故事。朱元璋稱帝后遍召丹青高手給自己畫像。第一個進宮的畫師十分認真,把像畫得惟妙惟肖、栩栩如生。朱元璋看到自己丑陋的形象,頓時大怒,把畫師推出去斬了。第二個畫師吸取了教訓,把朱元璋畫得五官端正、相貌堂堂。朱元璋一看,覺得畫得不是自己,自然畫師又難逃一死。第三個畫師揣摩出了朱元璋的心思,有意刻畫出一副帝王氣派,結果朱元璋看到自己滿臉仁慈,一副帝王之相,龍顏大悅。于是畫師獲賞。這段“民間故事”真偽雖然成為歷史之謎,不過從中透露出一個信息,朱元璋的相貌確實異于常人,所以朱元璋暗示畫師造假的可能是存在的。

        除了一兩幅外,絕大部分版本都系明亡以后民間所繪,有的版本把朱元璋的皇冠繪成了秦漢制式。還有的將朱元璋的下巴畫得夸張很大,如果這種長著奇怪下巴的畫像真是明時之作,那只有一種解釋,就是當時確實把朱元璋的奇異相貌當成帝王奇相來理解了。從歷史上看,在相貌上故弄玄虛,也是帝王美化自己的一個常用小把戲。

        不排除后世或朱元璋本人有意為大明開國皇帝,從相貌上尋找天意的可能。民間一直認為,朱元璋患過天花而不死,留下了一副麻臉,加上他的下巴可能稍長,額骨稍凸,時人可能覺得太丑了,御用文人則正好附會說這是帝王奇相:“下輔學堂地閣朝,承漿俱滿是官僚。如教中輔來相應,必坐樞庭佐舜堯。”一般地閣(下巴)飽滿就是官相之人,而朱元璋地閣雄奇,貴不可測,自然是帝王的好命了。

        明太祖朱元璋到底長的什么樣,成了歷史疑云。但從朱元璋的后代來看,朱標、朱棣等24個兒子,當中也沒有一個人“異于常人”,也沒有遺傳傳說中的朱元璋“大下巴”的外貌特征。從明諸帝的畫像來看,也均無此長相。所以說,真實的朱元璋在相貌上很可能也是比較“標準”的。

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